Uloga žena u ratovima srpske vojske od 1912. do 1918. godine
Žikić, Milena 1985-
Mladenović, Božica 1963-
Bibliografija: listovi 154-164;Prilozi: listovi 166-177. Datum odbrane: 13.02.2019. The History of the Serbs from 1878 to 1918
The doctoral dissertation The Role of Women in the Wars of the Serbian Army from 1912 to 1918, in five chapters: A woman in the role of a fighter, A woman leading transport units, A woman in medical missions, A woman in social-humanitarian organizations, A woman and propaganda, deals with women’s contribution to the Serbian state and army in war circumstances of the Balkan Wars and the First World War. It relies on the relevant historical sources and a few narrative historical sources. The aim of research is to show the involvement of women during the war, as members of motorized infantry units, humanitarian organizations, medical missions, in the role of a fighter and war propaganda. In the research and theme elaboration, we used the heuristic approach, finding information within historical sources. In the wars from 1912 to 1918, a small number of women were involved at the front in the role of a fighter. The military career of Milunka Savić remained crowned with seven medals while Sofija Jovanović had ten. The First World War fostered the creation of the first female officer in the Serbian army, a British woman, Flora Sandes. In the battles at the front in Dobrudza and Thessaloniki, women were transporting the wounded in medical cars, conducted the evacuation and organization of the transport. The largest presence of women was in medical missions. Their role was not only to provide medical help but they also scrubbed and disinfected the hospitals. The largest number of women volunteered as nurses. In women’s clubs, they made the medical supplies and clothes for the wounded and soldiers and they worked on charitable fundraising for hospitals and prisoners. A woman, by means of propaganda, represented a Serbian soldier, delivered speeches about the occupied country; thus collecting aid for her people. Women in the wars from 1912 to 1918 made a huge contribution to the Serbian army, as fighters, humanitarian workers, doctors, nurses, correspondents and drivers of medical cars. Under newly arisen circumstances, a unique emancipation and gender equality took place. With their participation, women carried a heavy burden for the survival of the Serbian society in the hardest moments.
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