Unapređenje energetske efikasnosti višeporodičnih zgrada iz perioda usmerene stambene izgradnje u Nišu primenom pasivnih mera
Buildings, as the main element of the physical structure of all urbanfunctions, greatly influence long-term energy consumption, with theimpact particularly visible within the housing sector. Starting from thefact that existing buildings are not a problem but a symptom of the stateof our society, the improvement of their energy efficiency (EE) is seen asa necessary element that should contribute to the sustainabledevelopment of the built environment. In the second decade of the 20thcentury, the highest energy consumption in Serbia was in the residentialsector (35.2% on average), which is a consequence of insufficientinvolvement in building EE improvement. Modern sustainable strategiesfor improving the EE of buildings should meet the integrated social,technical, economic, and environmental needs of various stakeholders. Inthe dissertation, research was conducted on the possibility of applyingpassive measures (insulation, insulating glazing, glazing of balconies andloggias, and green roofs) to improve the EE of multi-family buildingsfrom the period of state–directed housing construction (USI), in whichintensive and mass construction of multi-family buildings with specificarchitectural expression and materialization took place in Serbia. For theanalysis of the EE improvement model of a representative multi-familyresidential building in Niš, a fully prescribed monthly quasi-steady-statecalculation method supported by the software package "KnaufTerm2"version v28.24 was applied. The main focus of the research is on theglazing of balconies and loggias, a phenomenon characteristic of theseareas, whose potential in terms of reducing the required energy forheating has not been sufficiently explored in our practice. The potentialof glazing balconies and loggias to reduce heating energy demand in arepresentative building was first analyzed, concerning the type of glazing(single, double ordinary, and thermally insulating glazing), and then inrelation to the impact of improving the thermal characteristics of theelements of the thermal envelope of balconies and loggias on efficiency.Finally, the contribution of glazing balconies and loggias in models ofEE improvement according to the defined concepts was analyzed. Theobtained results showed a significant contribution of glazing balconiesand loggias in reducing the required energy for heating a multi-familybuilding from the USI period for local climatic conditions.
Bibliografija: list. 163-177 Datum odbrane: 25.9.2023. Design of Architectural Structures
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