Fenomen zavisnosti od društvenih mreža kao javnozdravstveni problem i povezanost sa simptomima mentalnih poremećaja kod studenata
The study included 1,400 randomly selected students. Symptoms ofdepression, anxiety and stress were assessed using the DASS 42 scale.Symptoms of excessive use of social networks were measured withthe Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale - BSMAS. Also, thesocioeconomic characteristics of the examined students are shown; aswell as different habits in terms of using the social networksthemselves and those of different lifestyles. The study was conductedthrough a google forms electronic questionnaire. Statistical dataanalysis included the application of descriptive tests, multiple linearregression analysis, correlation tests and analytical parametric tests, aswell as binary logistic regression tests. Extremely high levels ofdepressive symptoms were reported by 232 students (16.6%). Severeand extremely severe anxiety symptoms were reported by 480students (34.3%), while 420 (30.0%) students were exposed tomoderate, severe or extremely severe stress. It was found that thesymptoms of depression are more pronounced in students who consumed alcoholic beverages and psychoactive substances moreoften during the pandemic. Anxiety symptoms were slightly morepronounced in students who slept longer at night, consumed morealcoholic beverages, especially during the pandemic, as well as instudents for whom social networks represented an adequate substitutefor the content that was denied during the pandemic. More frequentconsumption of alcoholic beverages during the pandemic, as well asgeneral consumption of psychoactive substances, proved to be asignificant predictor in all three models: for symptoms of depression,for anxiety and increased stress, consequently. Of the six componentsof addiction, the greatest predictor of whether the respondent has ahigh level of depressive symptoms was the state of conflict, where theodds ratio was OR=10.28. This shows that respondents with a higherconflict component score have depressive symptoms 10.28 timesmore often, all factors in the model being equal. It was observed thatsymptoms of depression are also more common in patients withsevere withdrawal symptoms (OR=4.27), followed by moodmodification (OR=1.82) and with relapse (OR=1.49). Symptoms ofanxiety were, similarly to symptoms of depression, most present insubjects with a conflicted state (OR=10.31), in those with withdrawalsymptoms (OR=6.83), and then in students with pronounced moodchanges (OR= 2.55). In creating adequate interventions aimed atsolving this problem, it should be borne in mind that the goal cannotbe complete weaning, but controlled and meaningful use of socialnetworks through the development of adequate skills and raisingawareness of possible risks to health and general well-being due toexcessive use. Bearing in mind the exceptional sensitivity of youngpeople during their studies, as well as the indicators that speak of thegrowing trends of mental health disorders in this period, earlydetection and timely treatment are of priority importance.
Biografija autora: list .Bibliografija: list. 107-117 Datum odbrane: 27.10.2023. Social medicine
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